Your immediate answer to this question is probably yes and you would have very good reason for this. There is no denying that the process of obtaining milk from mammels is an unatural process that impacts animals in unatural ways. But facing a growing anti-dairy movement, many farmers are using findings from animal welfare scientists to help improve conditions. Scientists are working to answer knotty questions such as are cows that spend their entire lives confined indoors unhappy? Does the separation of a newborn calf from its mother result in quantifiable anguish? And are there ways to improve the life of a dairy cow that are both scientifically sound and economically viable? With findings already leading to changes in farming practices we hope that better scientific understanding continues to promote better practices on the ground.